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Literary Terms and Text Types – Literarische Grundbegriffe und Textsorten (1) 08:21 min

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Transkript Literary Terms and Text Types – Literarische Grundbegriffe und Textsorten (1)

Hello! This is Christopher here and today we will look at "Important Literary Terms and Text Types". This video will only be in English, so you may need a dictionary to understand everything. Good, let's begin. Today we will look at the following terms: "Antagonist" - "atmosphere" - "character" - "characterization" - "climax" -  "conflict" - "drama" - "exposition" and we will also look at "stream of consciousness". Antagonist: The antagonist struggles against or contends with the protagonist. Atmosphere: The atmosphere is the emotional mood of the text. Atmosphere is established through the description of place, the characters in the text, and the description of the characters. Here is an example: "It was a dark and stormy night. From the street, the bar looked cold and empty. Walter was afraid to go inside." Character: A character is a person in a literary work. There are two kinds of characters: the flat character and the round character. A flat character is a simple character which does not change very much throughout the story. For example: "Walter's friend Diana is happy and likes to dance." Round character: A round character is a complex character which evolves throughout the text and has many different characteristics. "Walter loves being a waiter, but dreams of becoming an astronaut. In the end, he quits his job and goes to space school." Characterization: There are two kinds of characterization: explicit characterization and implicit characterization. Explicit characterization: Direct description by the narrator, by other characters or by the character's own description. For example: "Walter lived alone, was in his early thirties, and was generous."Implicit characterization: Indirect description through the actions, friends, thoughts and habits of a particular character. For example: "Every Sunday, Walter would go out dancing with his friends." Climax: The climax is the high point of a literary text. Conflict: There are two kinds of conflict: external conflict and internal conflict. External conflict is the conflict between two or more characters and often between protagonist and antagonist. Internal conflict is the inner conflict of a single character. The character often has to make a choice. Drama: A drama is a literary piece that is acted out on a stage. A drama usually consists of several acts and scenes. There are two main kinds of drama: comedy and tragedy. A comedy is usually light, funny and has a happy ending. For example: William Shakespeare's "A Midsummer Night's Dream". Tragedies deal with serious themes and often end with downfall or destruction. Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet" is an example of a tragedy. Exposition: exposition is dialogue, description or narration, that gives the reader the background of the characters or the plot. For example: "Walter was born in New York, and moved to Florida for School. This is where he first dreamt of becoming an astronaut." Stream of consciousness: In stream of consciousness narration the character's inner thoughts and perspectives are shown exactly as they are. Here is an example: "I love dancing. Being here is so much fun. Who is that? Is that Diana? There is too much smoke in here. I can't see anything." This was "Literary Terms and Text Types" - Part 1, be sure to tune in for Part 2 of "Literary Terms and Text Types". This is Christopher saying: See you soon!

1 Kommentar
  1. 2014 01 17 bgd 8941 1 1

    Leider wurde der text nicht übersetzt.

    Von Deliah D., vor mehr als 4 Jahren