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Drama Analysis – Wie analysiere ich den Aufbau eines Dramas? 05:26 min

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Transkript Drama Analysis – Wie analysiere ich den Aufbau eines Dramas?

Hello! This is Christopher here. Today we will be learning how to analyse and describe a drama. We will look at the basic structure of a classic drama and then consider some ways in which we can describe and of course analyse a dramatic text. This video is only in English, so you may need a dictionary. Our video will first look at the five acts of a classic drama. These five acts are split into smaller units, called scenes. If you want to describe a moment in the text, you say the act first and then the scene. For example: "Act I, scene 1".   Act one in a classic drama: In the first act of a drama the protagonist is introduced and so are the main plot elements. Exposition and information about the main characters are also introduced. The main idea here is: "exposition". Act I sets the stage for the events of the drama.   Act two introduces the main conflict of the drama. Here protagonist encounters obstacles which he must overcome. This is described as "rising action".   Act three contains the "crisis" or "climax" where the conflict peaks. This is the center of the play and where the balance of power often shifts from one character to another.   Act four: In act four the conflict becomes delayed. And there is a slight pause before the conclusion of the drama. This is described as "falling action".   In act five we see the conclusion of the drama. Here the conflict ends tragically through death or ruin or the conflict is resolved successfully. A "dénovement", a "solution" is reached.   Now let's look at how to describe and analyse a drama in English. First let's consider some questions: How does the plot develop? What is the main conflict? How and where in the drama are "rising action", "exposition", "climax", "falling action" and "dénovement" or "solution" established?   Okay, now we will review and consider how to describe these different acts. The main idea here is "exposition", so you might write something like this:  "A flashback reveales to the audience the history behind the conflict." Important words here are: "flashback", "reveal" and "history", because in act one we learn about these things.   What about act two? Act two is all about "rising action". So you might say something like: "In act II, scene 2, the main obstacles between the protagonist and his goal are exposed for the first time." Important words in this example are: "obstacle" and "expose". Although the first act has exposition, in act two we are exposed to the conflict that happens throughout the play. Act three is where the "climax" occurs.   "In act III, scene 1, the story reaches its climax in a harsh battle between the two main characters." "Battle" is useful here, because the climax often involves conflict or violence.   Act four is about "falling action". Example: "In act IV, the intensity of the conflict subsides, and the setting reveals this because..." Words like "intensity" and "subside" may be useful. If you don't know, what "subside" means, now is the time to use your dictionary.   Do you remember what happens in act five? Act five is where the story ends. "The drama ends tragically, when all of the main characters are killed!" Here we find the "solution" or "dénovement" and important words here are: "to end" and "tragically". But if the play ends happily you can also say that.   Good job! Now you know the basic structure of a classic drama and have some tips on how to describe it. For a more indepth look at analysing a drama where I use specific examples with a specific text, please see: "Analysing a drama part two". That's all for today. See you next time!

1 Kommentar
  1. Default

    Very Good :D
    Danke jetzt habe ich es verstanden, denn ich schreibe in 2 Tagen meine Englisch-Klausur !!!

    Von Gyros Willi, vor fast 7 Jahren