Pronunciation – Aspects of Connected Speech 07:56 min
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Transkript Pronunciation – Aspects of Connected Speech
Hi! How are you? Is your English really good, but you are wondering how to make it even more perfect? Then, you should no longer study grammar rules or read long texts, but start focussing on your pronounciation instead. The way you speak, is what comes and there are so many tips than can help you sound more like a native speaker. Today we are going to discuss some advanced features and this video will help you not only to speak better, but also to understand other people especially, when they are talking fast. Let's start with a simple exercise: What is this? A cup of coffee? I don't think so. It's a cup a' coffee. In the spoken conversation, people often pronounce the preposition "of" as "a": "A cup a' coffee". How about this? Fish and chips? No: Fish 'n chips. "And" becomes "n". Fish 'n chips. We call this strong and weak forms. So the preposition "of" as a strong from is pronounced "ov" but as a weak form "a" or sometimes "av". And the word "and" as a strong form is "and" but as a weak form "n" or "na", fish 'n chips. Now, here is a question: Are both strong and weak forms correct? Yes, they are. But strong froms are only used when you speak very carefully or slowly. Weak forms are used very often in a conversation. for example between friends. More examples for you: was - wuzz. So it is more natural to say "I wuzz at home" then "I was at home". And a few more examples: can - cunn. Now careful, look at this conversation: "Can you swim?" "Yes, I can." In the question, we use the weak form "Cunn you swim?". But in the answer you must use the strong form. Yes, I can. And one more example: It's his book. "Is" is a weak form of "his". It's his book. Good. Let's move on to the next topic: rhythm. Listen to this sentence: Cats chase mice. It's fairly rhythmical. Now I am going to add a few more words and I just want you to focus on the rhythm. The cats chase mice. The cats have chased mice. The cats have chased the mice. The cats've been chasing the mice. The cats might have been chasing the mice. Did you notice, how the rhythm never changed? And this is really true for any sentence. What you hear is an almost perfect rhythm and this is made up of the stressed words. These are the words, which carry the meaning in a sentence. Cats chase mice. The cats have chased the mice. The cats might have been chasing the mice. One more example for you: Walk down the street to the end of the canal. Walk down the street to the end of the canal. Do you hear, how rhythmical this is? Good. Next topic. Read this: Did you read in bed? That's one option. But in a more natural English it sounds more like "im" bed. "n" suddenly becomes "m". Or here: How do you read this? Good night can also be pronounced as "gun nait". This is called assimiliation. Basically the sound in one word can change the sound in the next word. Three more examples for you: good girl becomes "gug girl". Good boy becomes "gug boy". And light blue becomes "laip blue". Of course, both options are correct. Alright, only two topics left. How do you read this? It's not "four eggs" but you read this as one word "foreggs", without a pause. Similarly you wouldn't say "turn off" but "turnoff", spoken together. But how about this. How do you read it? "Too often"? No, it's "toowoften". There ist suddenly the sound "w" inbetween. "toowoften". Who is it? And this is not "I am". It's "Ijam". There is a "j" sound inbetween. "Ijam". And one more example. This is not "she asked" but "shejasked". This is called linking. Basically it's saying more words together until they sound as if they are only one word. And now the last feature of spoken english: Elision. It just means, if when we speak, sometimes sounds disappear. You can read this word as "correct", but it's also possible to say "krect". Or "tonight" becomes "tnight". And family becomes "famly". And this word is read as "komftabl". Great. Thanks for watching this til the end. If you want, watch this again but this time, listen and repeat after me all the words you hear. This is good practice. Bye bye.
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